The Fifth Rule Week #5: Summarizer

The 32nd chapters begin with Leeza, Bigger, and Jink arriving at the Halifax Public Garden. They were looking for Reef, who was previously there. The group did not have any look finding Reef. Leeza then notices a big hole in the ground, where a rock used to sit. Leeza concludes that Reef has a rock and is going to attack Roland Decker with it.

Chapter 33 shows Reef entering the elevator of Roland’s workplace. At first he did not know how to find Roland Decker. He then remembers him saying that he was a financial analyst for a firm. Reef then found that firm in the phone book. As he was going up the elevator, he kept thinking about beating Roland Decker up. He then goes into the washroom.

In the next chapter, Bigger receives a phone call from Matheson that says that North Hills isn’t going to be shut down. Leeza then realizes that doesn’t change a thing if Reef is going to go through with his plan of assaulting Decker. The three then hop into Jink’s car, but the car has trouble starting. Leeza then runs, leaving the two men in the car.

As Reef exits the bathroom he curses because he forgot his backpack in the garden. He then stands in front of the elevator patiently waiting, but the elevator is at the first floor. Reef then gets impatient and follows a map on foot.

In chapter 36, Leeza arrives at the building Reef and Decker are in. She is waiting for the elevators after one had just left without her. As she was waiting, she overheard a man tell a security guard that there was a male with a police record in the elevator. The man also told her that he was drunk and pissed. She then sprints towards the stairs hoping that isn’t too late.

Reef is walking up the stairs and the sound of his footsteps are reminding him of his Bigger and Jink, when they walk up the stairs. It reminded him of the abandoned hotel they used to hangout at to do drugs. Reef then reveals that the only reason why he enjoyed that view was because his grandmother would take him to the citadel across the street. The sound of his footsteps then reminds him of his grandfather who would scold him everyday.

After, Leeza is reminded of her physiotherapist as her legs start to burn from climbing the stairs. She is reminded because after the accident she was forced to start walking again. She kept remembering how Reef doesn’t go a day without thinking about her, and that motivated her to keep going.

In chapter 39, Reef finally arrives at Decker’s floor. He then asks a worker where Decker’s office was and finds out that it is the third door to the right. He then remembers being out with Bigger and Jink, jumping a guy named Rowdy Brewster, and him doing the right thing of calling the police and telling Frank about what he did. He remembers Frank telling him that he was proud of him. By remembering this, Reef was reminded of how he changed and his anger goes away. Suddenly, Decker comes out and provokes him into getting angry again. He then makes accusations which only made Reef more angrier. People started to come out of their offices to see what the noise was about. Reef was ready to swing. As Reef was on the verge of snapping, Leeza comes in and stops him.

In the last chapter, Reef and Leeza are having coffee at a Starbucks. They are holding hands and admiring each other like lovers. Leeza then thinks about how she acted on her pursuit. She says that she was different. Shen then remembers how Decker’s face looked as she proved him wrong and as all these reporters shoving microphones into his face. They then look into each others eyes and reintroduce themselves. They step outside the starbucks and share a kiss. After the kiss, Bigger and Jink come and pick them up.

illustrator week 3

This is how i imagined Leeza’s reaction when she first saw her fathers face in the mall after years of his abandonment. Based on her thoughts and comments i assumed her face would look synical as well as serious.

50 Things That I Would Say ‘No’ To *Culminating*

There are plenty of things that I would say ‘yes’ to everyday, but I challenged myself to think of 50 things that I would say ‘no’ to. From ordinary things like food, to more complicated situations, here I will share with you all of which I would say ‘no’ to.

  1. brussel sprouts
  2. lettuce
  3. tickets to a soccer game
  4. browned bananas
  5. cinnamon gum
  6. bird seed bread
  7. essays
  8. flip phones
  9. basketball
  10. smelly cats
  11. cross country running
  12. art class
  13. homework
  14. raisins
  15. bran muffins
  16. a buzz cut
  17. fedoras
  18. sketchers
  19. pineapple
  20. a trophy for participation
  21. markers
  22. cheesecake
  23. waking up early
  24. ignorance
  25. plain cheerios
  26. windows vista
  27. music class
  28. dubstep
  29. bulls
  30. awkward conversations
  31. pepsi
  32. freezing temperatures
  33. boiling temperatures
  34. chores
  35. bullying
  36. pointless work
  37. racism
  38. homelessness
  39. sweet potatoes
  40. pokemon
  41. veggie burgers
  42. people talking in a movie theatre
  43. chihuahuas
  44. bratty children
  45. the toronto argonauts
  46. nutella
  47. call of duty
  48. plain hot dogs
  49. stale cookies
  50. stale potato chips

My Meatball Recipe *Culminating*

For about 3 years now, whenever my family eats spaghetti we use the meatball recipe that me and my dad created. They may not be the fanciest meatballs, but I believe that they would be classified as Italian. I can confirm that they are full of flavor and will only be successful if made with love. Good luck, and enjoy!

Trent’s Specialty Meatballs:


  • 1 lb lean ground beef
  • bread crumbs
  • 1 egg
  • 5 shakes worcestershire sauce
  • 4 squirts frank’s red hot sauce
  • 1 tbsp knorr beef bovril
  • 5 pinches italian seasoning
  • 15 shakes of garlic powder (or to taste)
  • generous amount of parmesan & herb
  • salt & pepper to taste

Cooking Instructions:

  1. mix all ingredients together by hand
  2. roll mixture into preferred ball size (1-2″ diameter) and  place on greased cookie sheet
  3. preheat oven to 350F
  4. bake for 15-20 minutes or until cooked fully
  5. remove from oven and serve with pasta, or even on a sandwich

Squirrels! *Culminating*

Squirrels are one of the coolest creatures on earth, and yet nobody talks about them. Today I am going to educate you on the many different types of squirrels, and things you may not know about the nutty animals.


First off, let me inform you on the basics of the squirrel. A squirrel is a mammal, just like us, and is a rodent (similar to a mouse). A squirrel’s diet consists of both meat and plants, meaning it is classified as an omnivore. Squirrels can sometimes be mistaken as herbivores because of their plant based diet, but this is only because there aren’t a ton of animals for a squirrel to hunt, and squirrels get plenty of protein from nuts. Squirrels have an average lifespan of 2-5 years, with larger species tending to live longer. These rodents can vary in size from about 8-70cm long, and can weigh from 10 g to 8 kg. The squirrel has adapted to a wide range of habitat around the globe. This means tropical rainforests, to urban areas.


Now that you know the basics about our furry little friends, it’s time to dive into some amazing facts about squirrels.


  • There are over 265 species of squirrel worldwide
  • The African pygmy squirrel is the smallest (10cm long)
  • The Indian giant squirrel is the largest (3ft long)
  • Squirrels are a very trusting species, and are one of the few that will eat out of a human hand
  • Squirrels run in a zigzag pattern to avoid predators
  • Some squirrels will dig a fake food hole while birds are watching to trick those that are looking to steal the squirrel’s food
  • Squirrels that live in trees make nests like birds that are the size of a football
  • There are 44 species of flying squirrel. Every one of these do not actually fly but they glide with webbed skin from their wrists to their ankles


While squirrels may be looked at as pests to the majority of people. They have a lot going for them, and I have always been interested in the little guys (also the big ones!). I hope that the next time you see a squirrel hanging out by a pine tree, you think about how interesting the Squirrel is.


“Squirrel.” Amazing Facts about Squirrels | OneKind. Web. 15 June 2015. .

connector week 4

Events from thebook Type of Connection Connection
As this flashes throughLeeza’s mind, she finds herself slowing, as though her feet know something her brain has yet to understand? Text to Self Leeza feels this way because she was urgently called down by her biological father (who newly showed up into her life after years of abandonment) to speak about an unknown topic. I believe she senses what is going to happen with her father which is why her feet slow down although her brain is determined to be there for her father. This has happened to me before where I am determined to get to a destination,however, I feel something bad is about to happen which is why I choose not to reach my destination.
But should any of it make a difference? She wonders. Hasn’t he told her he wants to get to know her, wants to make up for not being there all those years? Buying gifts for a brother doesn’t make that any less real. Does it? Text to World The first time Leeza met her father after years of abandonment was at a mall where he was buying children’s clothes for her half brother. She starts to question whether her father really meant what he said about wanting to make up for lost time. This is a common problem with parents who have abandoned their children and left home. I believe this is due to the lack of trust which is due to the former abandonment. This also commonly happens due to jealousy of the other half siblings. The abandoned children start to question themselves. They also begin to questionwhy the half sibling received the parent rather than themselves.
Frank’svoice in his head- people who respect themselves don’t need to put drugs or alcohol into their bodies to keep from feeling the things they can’t face.Reef scowls. He has no intention of not facing what he’s feeling. In fact, he plans on embracing it. The joint will just take the edge off, give him some more breathing room until he decides what he’s going to do. Text to Text I have seen many movies where this dilemma has been faced. This is a classic scene in a movie where a person does not know whether to ignore their conscious and try drugs (which deep down they know will not benefit them), or to say no and take charge of their health. The second option will usually sacrifice their immunity to the consequences they may face such as reprimandation from friends or unwanted feelings.

The Fifth Rule Summarizer-week 2

This weeks chapters were very interesting, it starts off where Reef is in Halifax. Reef goes to Zeus’s house with his friends, Zeus is an old friend of Reef’s, Reef also happens to see Leeza during this scene. Leeza was about to go for a run, Ree’s friends encourage him to say something to her but he refuses due to his restraining order against her and his guilt for the injuries he has caused her. After this Reef goes to his old social workers house, the social worker is named Greg Matheson.  Greg and Reef bond and Reef puts his Greg daughter to sleep, showing how close the relationship between the two are. Later that night Greg shows Reef that he is on the news. Reef sees the eulogy he gave at Franks funeral has been cut to make him look bad, it shows Reef’s intent is to hurt the people who caused Franks death. A high governing man used Reefs eulogy as a way to gain votes by saying he will cause higher punishment for troubled children who act in the manner that Reef did. During the end of this weeks chapter Leeza gets into a fight with her mom about how her mother isn’t understanding her and how she misses Reef. Her mother then shows Leeza the clip of Reef saying all these unkind things at Franks funeral. The chapter ends with Reef going to Carley, a doctor at the hospital he used to volunteer at during his time in community service. They briefly talk about Leeza and then the chapter ends on a cliffhanger where Carly questions why Reef is really at her house.

Blogger of the Week Reflection *Culminating*

How often did you participate: I replied to all of the 4 comments containing a conversation starting point.


Discussion blog title(s) and author(s):


Please provide a rating for YOUR overall contributions to discussions: 4 out of 5.




  1. Is there some aspect of the topic, results, conclusions, or concepts for which you gained a deeper understanding of through the blog discussion? Was there some aspect of the posts you explored that you had not thought of or that you ‘learned’ about from the discussion? In other words, what aspect of the post was clarified or illuminated as a result of the blog discussion?


After my blog was presented to the class, the comments came from all over the community. One reply was about a teacher’s personal experience with her kids and vaccines. I learned that no matter what research i did, I could not come close to the feeling of being a new parent, and the pressure to do the right thing. I learned from the comments.


  1. Were there aspects of the discussions that led to more confusion for you compared to when you read the blog post alone? Was the confusion resolved through discussion? Please explain (make specific reference to the blogs involved ­ direct quotations may be appropriate ­ reference the author).


Some of the time, responses to my comments were confusing, and I was left wondering what the author really meant. For instance, I commented on Thomas’s post about Nuclear Throne asking if it could be related to the likes of pacman. He responded fairly quickly, but his response mentioned how it is not like pacman, but it is like pacman. I was moderately confused.




  1. Evaluate your role in the Blogger of the Week discussions, in particular please answer the following two questions: What did you do that was effective at contributing to the discussion(s)? Be specific (adding screenshots of your contributing or copying to your blog may be appropriate). What areas do you need improvement in?


I was interested in almost all of the posts presented in class, but I did not get around to actually commenting. I was always eager to speak about it in class as the presenter was being asked questions, simply because I like to talk a whole lot more than I like to type. I think that my ideas in class helped the author to think about things to add to the post in future updates.


  1. Can you think of a contribution from another student that stood out in your mind that helped move the discussion along or help the class to move to a deeper understanding of the material? What did the student do? (no need to mention names, just describe what the students did or said).


I definitely appreciated the way that some of my classmates handled bloggers that ranted. I was not impressed by any of the blogs that had little to no facts, and I hope they learn that their opinion isn’t always enough. My classmates tended to comment suggestions instead of calling the person out for their half-decent post.


  1. Do you have any recommendations to the class as a whole to improve class discussions? How are discussions different in an online space versus those held face­to­face? How are they similar?


I think that there was a ton more interrupting people in class discussions. Sometimes, someone would start to share their opinion, and a louder person would speak over them. Online, you would have to wait for a reply to come through, and two people can’t talk at the same time.


  1. What are your overall thoughts of the Blogger of the Week assignment? Do you have any suggestions for me moving forward to either: a) improve the assignment; or b) revise the structure, delivery, or scheduling of the assignment itself? Be specific as your opinions will be very helpful for me as I plan for future classes.


I think that the blogger of the week assignment was one of the better tasks this semester. Definitely more enjoyable than the abyss of Romeo and Juliet tasks. One thing that i would encourage, is for you as the teacher to comment to each and every one of your student’s blogs. I was waiting on your comment but I never got one.

Are Wind Turbines Affecting Health!? *Revised for Culminating*

Image courtesy of

The use of wind turbines are at the heart of many recent social and political debates in Canada, but in my eyes the pros substantially outweigh the arguable “cons.

While the provincial government, partnered with other private manufacturers such as Samsung Renewable Energy Inc. and Capital Power LP, have begun the large roll-out of these turbines, 31% of Ontarians alone are against the machines as a result of claimed health problems stemming from annoyance. [1] With so many reasons to make the switch to renewable energy sources, why still does such a large group of Canadians reject the development in their homeland?

Those against these turbines rely on the fact that the low frequency noise has a severe health impact on those living near the turbines. As the majority of debates revolve around health, the arguments include dizziness and migraines, chronic illnesses such as heart disease, high blood pressure and diabetes, measures of stress levels, such as heart rate, blood pressure and cortisol, and self-reported or measured quality of sleep. [2] A Toronto lawyer representing farm families stated to judges: “The nightmare neighbour can split your eardrums or he can drive you crazy, but either way, you end up with serious health effects,”. Obviously these residents have become very passionate with their opinion and have begun to consider these wind turbines as “nightmares”. The  federal government plays a huge role in the rollout of wind energy and endorsing harm on it’s citizens would be unexceptional. It states in section 7 of the Charter of Rights and Freedoms that “Governments must not impose a reasonable prospect of serious harm on their citizens in order to protect security of the persons”. [3] So, are these government turbines imposing harm on Canadian citizens?

Image courtesy of

I believe, along with the majority of Canadians, that the use of these turbines and the benefits that come with them are too great to be dismissed due to annoyance. The energy needs of our country are most certainly not going to decrease in the upcoming years, and the use of renewable energy is no doubt safer than the current use of fossil fuels. [4] And to expand on the potential of the government imposing harm, Health Canada conducted a study of the effects of wind turbine noise in Ontario and P.E.I. in 2012 to put any skepticism to rest. This study found that not only did the turbines not have any solid connection to the quality of life of nearby residents, but in all cases that reported loss of sleep or headaches, were claimed to be only slightly worse or just as bad as the common headache. The study also contained certain groups that were convinced that the experience was going to be a bad experience before hand, and a group that was convinced that it wouldn’t make a difference at all. The “placebo effect”, and the less common “nocebo effect” which these cases experimented with were proved once again. The majority of those who were expecting a bad outcome didn’t enjoy the turbines, and those who expected to be fine also didn’t mind being near the turbines at all. [5]

So no, I don’t think that the government and the turbines that it is currently installing across the country have enough evidence against them in order to discontinue or interrupt the rollout and/or use. The opposing effort is seen and their arguments must be acknowledged whenever a new issue arises. But, this brings attention to the importance of attitude and optimism, I advise anyone confused about the political position of any issue to do their own research and be open to new ideas and points of view.

What do you think about wind turbines? Should they continue operating or do the claimed health effects veto the environmental benefits? Let me know in the comments section below!


[1] “Redirecting Anti-Wind Energy.” AJ – Canada’s Environmental Voice. 1 Sept. 2014. Web. 19 Feb. 2015. <>.

[2] News, CBC. “Wind Turbine Noise Not Linked to Health Problems, Health Canada Finds – Technology & Science – CBC News.”CBCnews. CBC/Radio Canada, 6 Nov. 2014. Web. 19 Feb. 2015. <>.

[3] “Legal Battle over Ontario Wind Turbine Farm May Redefine ‘harm'” The Globe and Mail. 21 Nov. 2014. Web. 19 Feb. 2015. <>.

[4] Maehlum, Mathias Aarre. “Wind Energy Pros and Cons – Energy Informative.”Energy Informative. 6 Dec. 2013. Web. 19 Feb. 2015. <>.

[5] “Wind Turbine Noise and Health Study: Summary of Results.” Health Canada. Health Canada, 30 Oct. 2014. Web. 19 Feb. 2015. <>.